双语阅读 | 七种方法助你学习事半功倍

作者:新动态国际英语 发表时间 :2019-01-25 10:20:16 浏览:95

Wouldn’t it be awesome to know you could get better grades without having to rack your brains and put your life on hold? Here are 7 simple things you can do to achieve this seemingly impossible task.

如果有方法可以让你不用绞尽脑汁学习,牺牲个人生活,还可以考高分,是不是很棒?这里有七种简单的方法,可以帮助你完成这个看似不可能的任务。

 

· Sleep well

好好睡觉

Sleep is sacred. Maintain your alertness by sleeping well — not more than 8 hours a day, but not less than 7. This is bound to improve both your body and brain health and energy levels.

睡觉是一件很神圣的事。只有睡得好,你才能思维灵敏。保证每日睡眠时间不少于七小时,不多于八小时,这必定有助于你的身体和大脑健康,并让你精神饱满。

 

Another cool trick is combining tea or coffee with a power nap during the day. Just sip your preference of coffee or tea, then doze off for no more than twenty minutes. You’ll wake with double the energy boost as the effects of the caffeine kick in at precisely the moment you wake up.

另一个很酷的窍门是,白天喝点咖啡或茶并小睡一会儿。品一口你喜爱的咖啡或茶,然后小睡一会,最多二十分钟。醒来的时候,你会能量加倍,因为在醒来的那一刻,咖啡因就开始生效了。

 

· Discover how you learn best

发掘最适合自己的学习方式

People generally learn in one of three ways and tend to prefer one — through visuals, sound, or touch. You need to figure out which one works best for you. According to the discoverers of neurolinguist programming, your words tell you which one you may lean towards. Listen to yourself in the coming days and notice statements like: “I see what you’re saying…” or “I hear you” or “I can’t get a grasp on that.” Once you discover which one of the modes of learning best suits you, adapt your studying techniques to your preference.

一般而言,在视觉、听觉或触觉三种学习方式中,人们会更偏好其中一种。你需要了解哪种方式更适合你。神经语言程序学的发现者认为,你说的话会透露出你更偏好的方式。接下来几天你可以注意下自己说的话,例如我明白(see)你的意思我听(hear)懂了或者 “我理解(get)不了这一点。一旦发现最适合你的模式,可以由此改变自己的学习技巧。

 

· Teach to learn better

教助于学

Another great way to study more effectively is to actually teach others what you are studying. Do this and you are proverbially hitting two birds with one stone — spending time with friends and helping them on the one hand, while you also learn the subject far more effectively. Teaching is a great reinforcer of concepts and helps solidify your memory.

另一种绝佳的高效学习方式就是,把你所学的东西教给别人。这种方法绝对会一举两得:既可以和朋友呆在一起并帮助他们,你也可以更有效地学习这个学科。教学可以强化你对一些概念的理解,也有助于加深记忆。

 

· Study only when you’re productive

只在状态最佳时学习

Students succumb to the pressure of exams so much and so often that they think they need to burn the next 48 hours, studying on afterburners. Studying too much, at all times, is extremely counter-productive. Set apart times of the day when you are at your best mentally for the task. We waste those hours too often on meaningless tasks — aided greatly by our addiction to the internet. This requires no small amount of self-discipline, but it’s well worth it when you realize you can learn so much in short periods of time.

学生总是承受着各种考试的压力,他们经常认为,自己应该马力十足地学习48个小时。其实在任何时候,学习时间过长只会适得其反。把你一天中精神最佳、最适合学习的时段预留下来,其实这些时间经常被浪费在了一些无意义的事情上,其中沉迷网络是罪魁祸首。在这段时间内你需要高度自律,但是当你发现自己可以在短时间内获取大量知识时,会觉得一切都是值得的。

 

· Meditate

冥想

Find a place to sit where you’ll feel comfortable closing your eyes. Become mindful of your surroundings, your breathing, your heart rate, the sun, the din of the day, the whole thing. Hey, you’re alive! This is a great exercise that very often resets your attitude and keeps you sharp and focused.

找一个舒服的地方,静静坐下,闭上眼睛。感受身边的环境、你的呼吸、心率、阳光、白日的喧嚣以及这整个世界。没错,你还活着!这是很好的锻炼方法,可以调整你的心态,保持集中的注意力和敏锐的头脑。

 

· Don’t sacrifice your social life to study

不要为了学习牺牲社交生活

 

 

 

I’m not saying you have to party your way through college on overdrive with destructive habits, sleeping late and waking up totaled at 1 pm every day. But a healthy social life - friends and family that build you up - is great for your success. Make sure you cultivate your relationships while still giving studying the priority and attention it deserves. Many give up one for the other at their own peril.

我并不是说,在大学里你要经常参加派对,或是养成一些坏习惯,比如睡懒觉,每天下午一点才起床等。健康的社交生活有助于你成功,比如那些可以帮助你提升能力的朋友和家人。培养社交关系的同时,依然要把学习放在首位,给予其应有的关注。很多人两者只选其一,这只会让自己陷入困境。

 

· Feed your mind

补充精神食粮

There’s no way to circumvent nature’s laws. You reap what you sow, and that can be said also for your mind. Be curious always. Love learning. Listen more than you speak. Seek wisdom and choose to cultivate intelligence. While it may sound a little fluffy, practice positive thinking and gratefulness. A happy mind learns far better than a negative, bitter, and cynical mind.

人们无法规避自然法则。种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆,思想亦是如此。永远保持好奇心,爱学习,多倾听,少说话。探索智慧之源,培养智力。这些话虽然听起来有点空洞,但我们还是要练习乐观思考以及学会感恩。快乐的人总比消极、痛苦、愤世嫉俗的人学得更好。

 

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